The US Geological Survey is an agency of the U. S. Department of the Interior, it was established in 1879. It is responsible for interpreting and mapping the geology, hydrology, and topography of the United States and its territories and for investigating and appraising mineral, energy, and water resources. The agency investigates a wide range natural hazards. It performs scientific research and publishes the results of its studies.
The value of the USGS to the Nation is in its ability to carry out tudies on a national scale and to do long-term monitoring and assessment of natural resources. The diversity of scientific knowledge enables the USGS to carry out large-scale, multi-level investigations that give us detailed information about the Earth. The USGS has 10,000 scientists, technicians and support staff located in nearly 400 offices in every State and in several foreign countries. It has a budget of more than $1 billion dollars a year.
Field nvestigations, direct observations of natural science processes and phenomena, and monitoring and data collection at the local scale are the base of the USGS. Natural hazards are a big national concern. The USGS main purpose is to provide the science needed to reduce the loss of life and property they can cause. The USGS deals with natural hazards like earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, landslides, floods, droughts, coastal storms, wildfires, And fish and wildlife diseases.
USGS cience assesses where natural hazards may occur and what the risks are to the people who live there. Long-term monitoring of natural hazards gives scientiststhe ability to detect and report hazards in real time. The USGS works closley with Federal, State, and local agencies to assist in emergency response efforts when disaster strikes. USGS science provides information needed by the public to understand the hazards that may exist in their community and to help decrease loss and damage when they occur.